DNA Helix. Credit: Shutterstock Phys.org
Previously, we followed the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) speaking horsemen from their Balto-Caspian homeland in the Eurasian Steppes east into Siberia, and China’s Tarim Basin and Gobi Desert. Last week, we started following them west to replace the “Old Europe” culture. Now we shall follow the horsemen further west through Old Europe to the farthest reaches of Ireland. We are going to be surprised to find how quickly they reached Ireland and established what is today called the Celtic base of the Irish culture.
I have found two technically excellent presentations (full HD resolution presentations of the lecturers’ graphics), giving you the capability to pause on the graphics and absorb the material, before continuing. The first presentation is a humorous (lighter hearted than usual) critique of the differing theories about the PIE speaking folks that transformed Europe and much of Central Asia. The second presentation focuses upon the extension of Steppes PIE speakers to their northwestern extremity in Ireland and Great Britain.
(1) Here is a wide-ranging critique of all mainline theories about the source and diffusion of the PIE language after the introduction of DNA analytic data begins to clarify what was certainly muddy water.
(2) Here is a focused critique on the western migration of PIE speakers through “Old Europe” and into Ireland, the western extremity of the expansion of PIE from its urheimat. In this presentation by John T. Koch, we have a DNA-certified “Old European” woman from about 3,000 Cal BC and three DNA-certified descendants from the Steppes from about 2,000 Cal BC.
Since these videos are of such high quality, I urge you to view them full-screen.
After you have viewed these two presentations, you may learn about the popular controversies regarding the subjects discussed by reading the comments beneath each video.
Thanks for visiting.
R. E. J. Burke