“Modern” Sami People evoke my concept of the Botai people 3600 BC
My current work-in-process novel (working on the 2nd draft) involves many Asian cultures in the early 4th millennium BC, one of which is the horsemen of the Eurasian Steppes.
Recent breakthroughs in DNA are supporting Marija Gimbutas‘s Kurgan Hypothesis as the most likely aggressor in the conquest of Old Europe. Gimbutas’s Kurgan Hypothesis had many challengers and one of the best is Lord Colin Renfrew who, in this presentation at the Oriental Institute, conceded that the Kurgan hypothesis now had superior support from recent DNA studies instead of his Anatolian Hypothesis. This subject is presented in Post 154 DNA breakthrough confirms Kurgan PIE hypothesis.
Since this blog presents interesting subjects I encounter while researching present and future writing projects, I will now embark on a deep dive into the Kurgan Hypothesis. Our first foray will be to understand the predecessor cultures that produced the Yamnaya culture (3300–2600 BC) which is generally considered the source culture of the Proto-Indo-European language that we covered in 15 previous posts (copy “proto-indo-european” in the search bar, then click the search bar and you will receive the hot links to those posts).
The Yamnaya had a contemporary PIE cultural and identical DNA cousin far to the east in the Afanasievo culture (3300-2500 BC). Between the two is the Botai culture (3700–3100 BC), which is suggested to have been established by movement from the western Yamnaya area to the eastern Afanasievo area. If these latter two cultures are part of the PIE language migration, and Botai lies on the main route and is considered an enroute cultural deposit, then I make the (logical) hypothesis that Botai was part of the PIE expansion. As an author, I can dare do that, rather than wait (I can’t) seventy more years for confirming evidence to be produced like that for the Kurgan Hypothesis after Gimbutas presented the idea and died at a good age while waiting for Renfrew’s and others’ concessions).
Thanks for visiting,
R. E. J. Burke