Artist’s Rendering of Man Buried in Tomb 43 at Varna, Bulgaria
Man buried in Tomb 43 at Varna, Bulgaria
The above pictures blow away all my mental images of Marija Gimbutas’s “Old Europe,” I have been caught up in my own fascination with the brutal horsemen from the Steppes (which I feel are well depicted as the Dothraki in G.R.R. Martin’s novel “Game of Thrones”). But I had not focused on the civilizations they had destroyed—except in Post 214 “The Archaeology of a Massacre and its Story.” Well, now I am stunned to discover the Varna civilization’s material culture currently dated in the Wikipedia article as 4400-4100 BC.
I subscribe to Ancient Origins as-well-as web aggregators to scan the latest archaeology news in the popular press, and to Academia.com for the latest archaeological papers that slip out from behind the archaeological paywalls. If you love archaeology and write novels based upon it, these are great sources of both data and inspiration. One current payoff that led to today’s post came from this article in Ancient Origins. You will do well to read this article first because it is where I started and gives good insight into the key facts.
Here are the succession of links that I used to go deeper: the Varna Culture, Varna Necropolis, AMS Dating of the Late Copper Age Varna Cemetery, the Marine Reservoir effect, and Radiocarbon dating: Revolutions in understanding.
Finally, there is a good overview of related archaeology in Current Archaeology Research in Bulgaria—which is not a secure website, but wait before you pass on this! Just copy the entire thing and paste into Word (which removes the insecurity) and, if you have the latest version of Word, click Review and then click Read Aloud. This recent feature of Word helps me hear whatever I’ve written as the last check or listen to a long prose article, including my own writing. I’m using Word 365, which I believe is similar to Word 2016.
This new information has rocked my mistaken perceptions of Old Europe. Next week, we’ll take a deeper look at Old Europe, following up on the Old Europe around the Black Sea.
Thanks for visiting,
R. E. J. Burke